Searching for home

Emerging typologies of residential care facilities for older people

We are witnessing a demographic change with an ageing of the population, putting a pressure on the care systems and residential care facilities. More elderly people are in good health and can take care of themselves at home, but there is also an increase in old people experiencing health problems and cognitive impairments such as dementia. This development is changing the care for elderly people and the architecture of the institutions with new typologies of residential care and emerging spaces of memory care for people with dementia.

This project investigates these transformations of spatial measures in architecture for older people, as a consequence of the changing demographics, progress in health care and technology, as well as political and social aspects.

The research is explorational and will be based on both ethnographic studies and architectural analysis of selected cases, as well as expert interviews and literature studies. The context of the research is the Danish Welfare Society, but as the demographic changes are happening worldwide, it is relevant to link this to developments happening in other countries and cultures. Through this research, the project asks the question of how the architecture is facilitating specific care strategies and supporting the feeling of homeliness in institutional spaces for older people.

Collage of entrance to home with overlay of care home plans.
Exploring the theme of orientation and wayfinding.