How smart technologies can shape and develop transfer points

Transportation is a major source of CO2 emissions, especially in the case of privately owned cars. Therefore improving the transportation system is a key component in the shift towards more environmentally friendly society. Accessible and comfortable transportation is also important for social inclusion especially for people with reduced mobility.

Efficient transport systems have a positive impact on the quality of life of the city’s inhabitants meaning quicker travels, more options, flexible schedules and less waiting time, leaving more free time for people to engage in activities that they value.

Transfer points are an important aspect of the transportation network as they provide connection between different means of transportation, making the system more efficient. However the networks that they connect are changing, Mobility as a service (MaaS) has democratized transportation networks by providing more options as well as facilitating the access to information (webpags, apps, GPS). The aim of this research is to answer the question: How can MaaS improve and shape these Transfer points?

One negative aspect of transfer points is that they add discomfort for the users diminishing the attractiveness of collective transportation. MaaS incorporates different modes of transportation such as car-sharing, Uber and rental e-bikes, made accessible through smartphone apps. Smart urban accessibility would integrate MaaS in the current transport system allowing private people to be part of the system sharing services or resources such as cars at any given time, easing the shift away from the necessity of private car ownership.

Today we see that these services are spread out over different apps making their use inefficient. Centralized systems can facilitate information access and lower the prices.

The design of the transfer point and its surroundings is important because it influences user’s willingness to make the transfer. These places should be designed according to the character of each place and develop an active community life surrounding the transfer points so people can feel safe and enjoy their transfer.

Det Lysande och det Belysta

Daylight – architectural methods and tools

The project aims to develop new daylight methods from a design perspective with a point of departure in today’s architectural challenges, where the dynamic nature of daylight is examined as a time-based quality in historical, contemporary and future rooms. The project combines architecture history, lighting science and artistic research and will contribute to the design theory of light, as well as to concrete methods and tools in the design process. Great emphasis is placed on the pedagogical element – how the knowledge of light can be conveyed and deepened in the architecture task.

Contemporary architecture has largely departed from the treatment of light as spatial quality. Complex programs and economic requirements have created deeper building volumes, today’s energy requirements new frameworks for the design of facades and windows and emerging environmental classification systems use advanced calculations to quantify energy and daylight. Increased quantification also means increased confidence in light research based on measuring tools, which do not include spatial qualities. All in all, this has a great influence on the architect’s work and on the design of contemporary architecture. New approaches and methods of daylight design therefore need to be developed that strengthen the human experience of space.

The project is divided into three parts: The Design Theory of Light,
The Architectural History of Light, The Architect’s Laboratory and is based on case studies of historical and contemporary buildings and interiors focusing on the treatment of daylight.

The dynamic daylight plays a unique role in architecture through its ability to provide information about time and place. At northern latitudes, natural light has a significant variation in intensity, direction and colour which provide architecture with a special opportunity to work with the shifts of daylight.

The case studies investigate how this appears in the architecture design and possible methods for working with light as an integral part of the built. One prerequisite for the project is studies in the natural movements of daylight. Light is scaleless and will be tested in real time through physical models, full-scale tests and staging.

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Bostadens ljus – filmsekvenser från fem vardagsrum





module 2 , exhibition design concept

THE BIRTH OF REALISM

Plummer (Monodimetric projection). Drawing exercise at the young Institute of Technology in Stockholm

The Shift in Swedish Late 19th Century Architecture Training and its Consequences

MODULE 1

PLOT

In 1877 the Swedish parliament finally decided on establishing a school of architecture at the newly founded Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. My research investigates both previous scholarly receptions of this matter of fact and aims to map the outlines of the new reality of Swedish architecture of the period. A hypothesis to be evaluated is that the consequences of the architectural educational shift were fundamentally two: On the one hand the artistic idealism of the Academy of Fine Arts was abandoned as the basis of architectural understanding. On the other hand, the architects starting to identify with the engineering culture eventually led to scientific methods being applied to architectural problems of mass society in the 20th century. My research brings together and analyses the impacts and the considerations of such complexes of thought as academism, idealism, traditionalism, realism, romanticism, rationalism etc.

At this period in time, the late 19th century, my research identifies an interim period characterized by both departure and curiosity. Alongside Swedish scholar Björn Linn I propose the identification of a period of realistic architecture, resulting from the increased interest in the regional and the vernacular in architectural thought. The period spans from the start of the new education until the breakthrough of pseudo-scientific methods in architectural thinking after the First world war. The period bore two seeds of further development for architecture, resulting from the emerging society of industrialization and mass-fabrication. One was the “scientification” of building activities. The other was the artistic attempts to come to terms with the new relationship between man and object.

MODULE 2

Exhibition Design Proposal

Sketch plan and wall section of exhibition space
Sketch plan of exhibition space

The exhibition is historical to its nature. It aims to demonstrate how the shift in architectural education in Sweden in the 1870s had consequences for the Swedish architecture of the late 19th century; artistic, aesthetic, ethic etc.

The exhibition space is divided into four rooms. One room is followed by the next in a four-time clockwise movement, resulting in a four-leaf clover sort of spatial configuration. The four spaces are arranged mainly chronologically. They follow rather closely the chapters of my PhD thesis:

Room 1 Background

Albert Theodor Gellerstedt’s drawings from his travels. Drawings from the European trip, from the Swedish countryside, from Gotland, from Stockholm.

Room 2 Institute of Technology in Stockholm 1877-81

Exercise drawings of students of the new architecture education.

Room 3 Royal Academy of Fine arts 1881-85

Exercise drawings of students of the advanced architecture class at the Royal Academy of Fine arts. Drawings from the European study trips.

Room 4 Late romanticism/Realism

The consequences for Swedish late 19th century architecture. Drawings of former students. Juxtaposed to images of the rising age of mass production that supposedly acted as a set-off.

I want the exhibition to be intimate, concentrated and intense with the drawings grouped tightly together thematically. The route is easily comprehended. Some time is allowed for the visitors to shake off the world outside as they enter the exhibition through a corridor that leads to the heart of the exhibition construction. The route aims at a smooth transition of visitors and at avoiding collisions.

Change-of-pace

A history of Preservation and Obsolescence – 19th century Museums in Transformation

 

My research is concerned with processes of change and conservation that are currently taking place at national museums throughout Europe. The museum as a public place was established during the 19th century, when Europe’s oldest and most established museum buildings where erected. These buildings have been altered and adjusted during the 19th and 20th centuries to support changing ideas of art and artefacts, history and nation. In present day conservation processes, however, historical alterations and additions are treated and valued differently. During the 21st century, many of the largest European museums have initiated large-scale reconstruction projects and museums in general are constantly expanding their activities and territories. The research is focusing on a selection of five recent museum projects and is addressing two main areas as a point of departure. The first area is considering the history of transformation within the selected cases and the developments and use of temporal concepts and considerations. By discussing aspects of cyclicality, obsolescence and authenticity in preservation processes my ambition is to uncover changing temporal ambitions in material processes. The second area of concern is dealing with the transnational aspects of these national monuments from a material perspective. By tracing histories of alteration in these buildings, the ambition is to discuss material provenance and the particular narratives of displacement and origin that these materials bring as well as the actors involved. These aspects will be researched through the use of micro history as a method to make precise and detailed incisions within each case as well as ethnographic site studies to address the everyday and mundane within these public projects. By studying processes of transformation in museum buildings, I aim to discuss the unfolding of temporal and material changes and what architectural histories they entangle.

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MODULE 2

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